Hike to Camp Muir: Ultimate Guide to Help You Prepare


Are you planning to hike to Camp Muir but wondering if you have what it takes to get there?

I’ve attempted this day hike four times and completed it three times. I can tell you from experience that it’s tough. 

The first time I hiked on the Muir snowfield, there were moments when I felt like quitting!

But with the help of short breaks, plenty of water, and sugary snacks to keep me going, I finally reached this bucket list destination. 

In this guide, I’ll share all the information you need to prepare your mind, body, and gear to reach Camp Muir on Mount Rainier.

Let’s jump in!

⚠️ NEW IN 2024! The national park requires a Timed Entry Reservation from the end of May through September 2nd. For release dates and more info, visit the park’s website.

How Hard is the Hike to Camp Muir?

This strenuous day hike is not for first-time hikers. Climbing nearly 4,800 feet in 4.4 miles takes physical strength, endurance, and mental toughness.

This alpine scene of the hike to Camp Muir features hikers on a snowy path near Panorama Point.
The trail in May near Panorama Point

In addition to the elevation gain, other factors that make this hike difficult include the terrain, potential weather conditions that can become fatal, and altitude.

Camp Muir stands at 10,188 feet above sea level.

Beginner hikers can do this hike if the conditions and weather are favorable, the boot path is well established, and the crevasse danger is minimal. 

If you’re a beginner hiker, you must be in good physical condition and come prepared with the right gear and navigation tools. Be ready to turn around if circumstances dictate that that’s the safest choice.

Majestic Mount Rainier and the Nisqually Glacier on a clear blue-sky day.
Excellent July weather and views of the Nisqually Glacier

I had completed only six hikes in the month-and-a-half before my first hike to Muir. 

But I was in good shape and aware of the challenges I might face. 

I chose a Saturday in July when the route was established, and many other hikers would be on the trail. The forecast looked excellent.

I also hiked with a friend who was experienced with the route, having completed the hike once before.

Over-the-shoulder view of a hiker on the Camp Muir trail wearing a green backpack on the snow-covered slopes of Mount Rainier under a clear blue sky.
Camp Muir behind the hikers in the distance

The second and fourth times I completed this hike were the first leg of a guided summit climb of Mount Rainier in July and August. I was much more physically fit for those attempts.

My third attempt was in May when snow covered the entire trail.

Elevation and Altitude 

This hike is known for its considerable elevation gain. 

You’ll start at 5,420 feet at Paradise, the hike’s starting point, located on the south side of Mount Rainier, and ascend to 10,188 feet. 

This gain of nearly 4,800 feet occurs over 4.4 miles, making the hike steep. 

Map showing the route from Paradise to Camp Muir.
Map courtesy of AllTrails

Additionally, if you’re someone easily affected by higher altitudes, you may feel symptoms of altitude sickness.

I felt the change in altitude at about 8,000 feet. 

I took deep breaths and slowed my pace a bit. I drank a lot of water and ultimately was fine. 

Terrain

The terrain varies depending on the time of year. Generally, in July and August, it includes rocky sections and the large, continuous Muir snowfield.

A hiker pauses to look at a map on the rocky Skyline Trail in Mount Rainier National Park, with the diminishing snow patches reflecting the summer season.
My friend Jenna reviewing printed-out trip reports.

The final roughly two miles of the trail before you reach Camp Muir are consistently snow-covered. Snow travel can be physically demanding and requires careful navigation.

Weather Conditions

Mount Rainier is known for its rapidly changing weather, which can go from clear to foggy or stormy within a short time frame. This is more likely during shoulder seasons but can happen anytime.

Poor weather makes the route more difficult and dangerous, especially if visibility is reduced.

My hiking partner, Jenna, once had to turn around on this trail due to white-out conditions. 

Turn around if the weather becomes unsafe. It’s always the smart thing to do!

Distance and Duration 

The round-trip distance from the parking lot at Paradise to Camp Muir and back is about 8.8 miles. 

This might not sound very long if you hike or run regularly. But the combination of steep inclines, snow, and altitude can make it an exerting full-day adventure.

Rustic Camp Muir on Mount Rainier on a sunny day.
Rustic Camp Muir

How Long Does it Take to Hike to Camp Muir?

Certain variables will affect how long you will take to complete this hike. These include weather, how far the snowline extends towards Paradise, and your fitness level and pace. 

The average time to complete this adventure is eight hours. 

Of course, the length of your adventure also depends on how many breaks you take and how often you stop to take photos.

Hikers navigate the stone steps of the Skyline Trail, with Mount Rainier's partial view in the distance.
Stone steps on the Skyline Trail

I strongly advise that you know what time is sunset. This will help you determine if you need to turn around if you’re moving slower than expected. 

I recommend padding your schedule for more breaks and stops than you think you will take. 

The first time I did this hike with Jenna, we stopped to listen to the call of marmots and take photos of them. 

A curious marmot perched on a rocky outcrop, with a stunning view of forested slopes and snow patches in the background.
Marmot sightings are common.

We took many breaks to fuel and hydrate on the neverending snowfield. 

We spent about an hour at Camp Muir to enjoy the incredible views. 

On the way back to the parking lot, we stopped to take photos of the gorgeous wildflowers in bloom during our late-July trip.

Our moving time was 7 hours and 20 minutes. 

But the total time of our day’s adventure was an epic 10 hours and 30 minutes!

Camp Muir at Mount Rainier National Park on a sunny day, consisting of several weathered wooden structures surrounded by rock and patches of snow.
These humble shelters are for guide companies and their clients.

If you’re hiking to Muir on a summit climb with a guided group, guides generally try to get you there in under five hours. 

This might seem like a lot of time, but you’re carrying nearly 50 pounds in your backpack!

Is the Camp Muir Hike Dangerous?

This hike has been called one of America’s ten most dangerous hikes. 

Many day hikers set out unprepared for quickly changing weather. Whiteout conditions increase the risk of getting lost. 

A navigation error can lead to encounters with steep cliffs or crevasses, real and fatal dangers.

Sadly, people have died between Paradise and Camp Muir. 

Take this hike seriously!

Paradise to Camp Muir Hike: Things to Know

You reach Paradise via the Nisqually Entrance of Mount Rainier National Park. Follow the signs to the Henry M. Jackson Visitor Center.

Paradise Ranger Station welcomes visitors to the national park. Its wooden structure and stone foundation are tucked among tall evergreens.
Paradise Ranger Station in May

The first time I hiked to Muir was a Saturday in late July. The first parking lot at Paradise was already full when we arrived at 8:20am. The second lot filled up quickly.

For 2024, the National Park Service is piloting a Timed Entry Reservation system. You’ll need a reservation to enter the Nisqually Entrance between 7 am and 3 pm from the end of May through September 2nd.

If you don’t have a reservation, aim to arrive at the entrance by 6:30 am in case there’s a line. Earlier is even better!

Amenities available at Paradise include toilets, a water fountain, and even a cafe inside Paradise Inn. I was grateful for the double shot of espresso to help me charge up the trail!

Do You Need a Permit to Hike to Camp Muir?

You do not need a permit for day hiking to Camp Muir.

A wilderness permit is required if you plan to camp overnight at Muir. 

You also need a climbing permit if you plan to climb above 10,000 feet or onto glaciers.

A serene view of a line of climbers hiking to Camp Muir. They appear tiny compared to the vast white expanse of the Muir Snowfield.
Climbers on the first leg of their guided summit climb.

Trail Information

The amount of snow on the Skyline Trail depends on when you do this hike. 

In May of 2023, we traveled on snow as soon as we left the parking lot.

In July and August, the times I have been there, snow travel did not begin until after Pebble Creek, almost two miles from Paradise. 

What You’ll See

This alpine landscape is stunning year-round. 

The scene was still wintery in May, with snow covering the landscape. 

Small figures of hikers on snow-covered terrain on a blue-sky day.
Snowshoes might be needed in May.

Below, I describe what you can expect when conditions are generally optimal in July and August.

Paradise gets packed with tourists.

Crowds flock here to see wildflowers on display and Mount Rainier standing proudly in the backdrop. 

A group of hikers in summer attire leaving the Paradise parking lot, walking a trail flanked by lush green trees and underbrush.
Be prepared for crowds during the summer months.

Please stay on the designated pathways. There are signs stating this, but you’ll see many tourists who are oblivious to the fragility of this ecosystem. 

As you climb up the trail’s steps, you might see marmots. You’ll most likely hear them before you see them.

Once you cross Pebble Creek, it’s time for snow travel. 

Hikers ascend the rocky terrain near Pebble Creek, with the mountain's impressive glaciers and snowfields in the background.
Crossing Pebble Creek. Use a filter if you fill up here.

The boot path is obvious this time of year. 

On the weekend, so many people are on the trail that if the weather is clear and you check in often with your navigation device, the chances of getting lost are unlikely.

Once you’re on the snowfield, it’s game on.

When you reach the point you could not see beyond ten minutes ago, you’ll see there’s much more snowfield to hike.

A clear view of the hike to Camp Muir showcases the mountain's expansive snowfields and craggy features against a deep blue sky.
Muir Snowfield

Carry on. 

Camp Muir will eventually come into view, but it will be a while before you arrive.

If you begin to feel deflated, turn around. Take in the sweeping views of the Tatoosh Range and three volcanoes. On a clear day, you’ll see four volcanoes.

An expansive view of the Tatoosh Mountain Range and the prominent peaks of Mount Adams and Mount St. Helens beneath a clear, blue sky.
Tatoosh Range, Mt Adams (left), Mt St Helens (right), and Mt Hood (barely visible at center)

I still remember how elated I was to arrive at Muir for the first time. 

Unfortunately, there was a smoke haze. 

But looking out and seeing Mount Adams, Mount Hood, and Mount St Helens in the distance was incredible.

A selfie taken on the Camp Muir hike, with rugged terrain and rustic huts in the background. The hiker wears sunglasses and a sun hoody.
My first time reaching Muir.

Glissading

I had never glissaded before my first trip to Camp Muir. 

On my way up, I saw people sliding on their bottoms on what looked like built-in slides in the snow. These are known as chutes.

Glissading is a quicker way to get down the mountain, but know the risks involved before you do it.

It’s easy to go too fast, lose control, and tumble down the mountain.

Here are a few safety tips for glissaders:

  • The snow should be soft. Hard, icy conditions can be dangerous.
  • Remove your crampons or microspikes before you begin. These can catch on your pants and trigger an accident.
  • Use your hiking poles as a rudder or brake to help you control speed and stop. You can also dig your feet into the snow to slow down. I’ve caught my feet on rocks doing this, so always be alert.
  • If you’re a beginner, start on smaller, less steep slopes.

Always prioritize safety over speed and fun. If you feel hesitant, choose the safer option of walking down.

Hikers glissading down the snowy mountain.
Bring rain pants for glissading.

How to Prepare for the Camp Muir Hike

Feeling ready for this strenuous activity requires physical conditioning, mental fortitude, good nutrition, proper hydration, and the right gear.

Conditioning

If you’re in good physical shape and work out 2-3 times a week, you can be ready for this hike in 6-8 weeks.   

That’s where I was. I hiked regularly for only six weeks before my first attempt, which was successful.

Only some of those hikes were challenging, and hiking on the weekends was the bulk of my preparation. I also took one yoga or HIIT class during the week.

That said, getting to Muir was very hard for me the first time. 

There were moments when I wanted to give up.

The truth is that I had not adequately trained for it.

If you give yourself more time to train intentionally with cardio sessions, strength training, and longer hikes, the experience will be much more enjoyable.

A line of hikers on snow-covered mountain terrain on the hike to Camp Muir.
The neverending snowfield

3-8 Weeks Before Your Hike

Cardio – 3X per week

  • Aerobic Activities: Cardio builds endurance, which is crucial for long hikes.
  • Hiking: Gradually increase distance and elevation to build stamina. Hiking one time per week is sufficient. 

Strength Training – 2X per week

  • Leg Strength: Strengthen your legs with squats, lunges, and step-ups. 
  • Core Strength: Improve your balance and stability by incorporating planks, Russian twists, and bicycle crunches.
  • Back and Shoulders: Exercises like rows, pull-ups, and shoulder presses strengthen muscles needed to carry a heavy backpack.

Flexibility and Balance – Minimum 1X per week

  • Stretching: Flexibility can help to prevent injuries. Include pigeon pose to open up your hips and stretch muscles connected to your knees.
  • Balance Exercises: Balance is important for navigating uneven terrain. Practice exercises like single-leg stands and yoga poses like tree pose.

If you’re interested in a training plan geared toward beginners, check out this plan from fitness coach Sarah Maurer. 

I’ve used her training plans to prepare for the Enchantments and climbing volcanoes, and I highly recommend them!

Hikers rest on rocks surrounded by snow patches in front of the Tatoosh Mountain Range backdrop on a hazy, blue-sky day.
Fire haze obscures Mt Adams.

2 Weeks Before Your Hike

10-14 days before your hike is a strategic window for your “peak” physical preparation. 

Ideally, this is when you will do your hardest hike, such as a 4-6 hour hike with 2,500 – 3,000 ft of elevation carrying the weight you plan to bring to Muir. 

One week before your hike, do at least three hours of cardio, and maybe not too much more than that. You could choose a short hike or head to the gym to hop on a treadmill or bike.  

I recommend tapering from your usual workout volume for the 4-5 days prior. 

You want to show up at Paradise feeling strong yet rested and ready for a challenge!

Mental Toughness

Prepare your mindset by reading trip reports in the weeks leading up to your hike. Know the challenges others have faced.

Hiking when the weather’s bad or working out when you don’t feel like it are great ways to build mental toughness.

Two hikers are about to pass one another on a snow-covered trail.
Hiking on snow

Nutrition

I love eating all the gluten-free pasta I want the night before a big hike.  

This coach advises against carb loading, but do what you know works for you.

Remember, you can never go wrong with eating well-balanced meals consisting mainly of whole foods. 

Hydration

Proper hydration begins during the days preceding your hike. 

The day before, I try to drink half of my body weight in liters of water before noon. And then, I continue to drink water throughout the rest of the day. 

The morning of, I drink 24-32 ounces of water before I reach the trailhead. 

I also fill one of my two 32 ounce Nalgene bottles with water and electrolytes to drink while hiking.

Gear

Trip reports will inform you of the gear you need for a successful trip. 

If five hikers say they’re glad they wore hiking boots and microspikes, and one hiker says he did it in sneakers, I will show up with hiking boots and microspikes.

The right gear is so critical for this adventure that I’ve included a section below.

What to Bring When Hiking to Camp Muir

An assortment of gear for hiking to Camp Muir is laid on the floor.
Gear I brought with me on this hike.

Below is a list of my top ten recommended things to wear and bring on your Camp Muir hike in July or August. Also, check out my complete Camp Muir hike gear list.

  • Waterproof hiking boots – I’ve never gotten a blister in my Oboz boots.
  • Microspikes These are durable and easy to put on.
  • Gaiters Bring gaiters to avoid wet socks and cold feet! 
  • Sun hoody – Avoid the need for messy reapplications of sunscreen on your arms and neck.
  • Rain pantsBring a pair in case the weather turns. They’re also great for glissading.
  • SunhatSun protection is essential.
  • SunglassesProtect your eyes from harmful snow glare.
  • Trekking polesThese are helpful on the snowfield and the descent. For me, they’re mandatory.
  • SunscreenSunscreen is critical, especially for parts of the face vulnerable to snow glare, like the inside of your nose. 
  • Satellite communication device – My Garmin InReach Mini accompanies me on every hiking trip.

I’m adding a bonus item to this list: toilet paper for the pit toilets at Muir.

Be prepared for the stench!

Food and Water

Bring enough food to eat a snack (150-250 calories) every hour-ish while you hike.

Plan for a 10-hour adventure, but bring extra food. 

A variety of sweet and salty foods is best. 

My go-to snacks on the trail are GoMacro bars, Clif Bloks, and Haribo sour gummy bears.

Bring at least three liters of water and a filter to fill up, if needed.

A hiker in a wide-brimmed hat and backpack treks along the Skyline Trail during golden hour next to alpine meadows dotted with wildflowers and rocks.
Skyline Trail at golden hour

Best Time to Hike the Camp Muir Trail

July and August offer the most favorable conditions. 

Remember, snowfall and freezing temperatures have occurred during these months, catching day hikers off guard and ill-prepared. 

Always check conditions and weather forecasts and be prepared for the unexpected. 

Wrap-Up: Ultimate Guide to Hiking to Camp Muir

The hike to Camp Muir is extraordinary, offering spectacular views of Pacific Northwest volcanoes and a sense of accomplishment. 

It’s a rewarding but serious undertaking requiring physical fitness, preparation, and caution.

Start preparing 6-8 weeks in advance to ensure you’re in the best shape possible for this demanding adventure.